* The main differences in the approach to catering in places of mass recreation versus the project "Alternative Balkans"
* Teachings about nutrition
* The ABC's of a healthy diet
|* The main differences in the approach to catering in places of mass recreation versus the project "Alternative Balkans"|
Food in the resorts, holiday homes, hotels, cruises is based, as a rule, on the principle of "All inclusive".
From the point of view of business, this is an excellent move to attract customers, but for tourists it is fraught with many negative consequences and pitfalls.
The ability to freely choose and eat a huge amount of food, the absence of any restrictions, the feeling that everything has been paid for and needs to be made worth your money, contributes to a loss of vigilance and leads to irreversible consequences.
Uncontrolled use of large quantities of incompatible types, forms and combinations of food from the point of view of the laws of digestion leads to the most serious problems to a person's health.
Absorption of a large number of different types of food and drink leads to an increase in cholesterol, atherosclerosis, stretching of the walls of the stomach, the emergence of an artificial feeling of hunger, the formation of excess weight and the appearance of chronic problems with the locomotor apparatus.
In order to understand the entire disastrousness of the All Inclusive system, you do not need to be a nutritionist, it's enough just to watch people once while they eat while out on a holiday.
It seems that before they came to the restaurant, they had studied all the instructions for improper and harmful to human health rules for eating.
On all the tables you can see trays made with huge plates full of the most incompatible, unhealthy food products. Such an approach to the organization of nutrition not only does not do any good, but on the contrary, it does irreparable harm.
After such a rest, a person returns home with excess weight and with new medical problems, which later may require long and expensive treatment.
The principles of a separate healthy diet developed by the specialists of "Synapse & Aksson Center" are built on an individual basis and recommendations of a nutritionist.
Everyone who rests before the arrival is obliged to make an individual medical "Synapse" card.
The card includes the recommendations of Israeli specialist doctors based on the analysis of the medical history and laboratory data of each client.
In the framework of the projects "Alternative Balkans" and "Balkan Home" great attention is paid to the variety of dishes, food compatibility as well as ecological, taste and aesthetic qualities.
The menu offers a large number of dishes prepared on the ancient recipes of the Balkan cuisine, which includes a wide range of natural juices, soups, cereals, vegetables, fresh and dried fruits.
Properly organized nutrition, under medical supervision, is a prerequisite for the treatment of chronic orthopedic, endocrine and geriatric diseases and conditions.
The Hay Diet contributes to reducing cholesterol in the blood, strengthening the functions of the immune system and metabolism.
The organization of proper nutrition is an obligatory and fundamental condition for the treatment and prevention of chronic diseases.
|The Doctrine of Dietetics|
Dietology is the doctrine of proper nutrition and the effect of metabolism on the human body.
Nutrition is a science based on 2 laws:
1. The law of "energy balance" - the correspondence of the caloric value of a person consumed per day and his daily energy expenditure.
2. The law of "chemical balance" - the chemical basis of a person's daily intake of food necessary for the normal functioning of the body
Eating is a basic biological need of a person and the working capacity, vitality and stability of the body's normal functioning depends on it and provides energy and metabolism.
Proper eating is an obligatory elite of complex treatments and prevention of almost all chronic diseases. Dietary nutrition must be balanced, it strengthens the immune system and metabolism, and also has a powerful curative and therapeutic effect on the human body.
Proper nutrition can be a real alternative to drug treatment.
Recommendations for proper nutrition are always individual, take into account the person's lifestyle, health status, recovery, sex, hereditary factors, etc.
Proper nutrition is designed to neutralize the side effects of a sedentary lifestyle, of adverse environmental factors, of reduction in the diet of natural products, etc.
For normal functioning of the body, 7 elements are needed daily:
* Water - The daily water requirement of 1, 5-3 liters
* Protein - the basic building material of an organism
* Carbohydrates - Provides energy
* Fats - perform construction and energy functions.
* Vitamins and microelements are vitally important elements, whose defecit in the body can lead to the failure of its systems and functions.
* Fiber - does not participate in metabolic processes, but it performs important functions in ensuring the vital activity of the body.
Maximum effect on the metabolism is performed by proteins - 40%, while carbohydrates and fats affect it by only 5%. The optimal daily ratio of components in foods is 14% proteins, 30% fats, 56% carbohydrates.
In dietology, calorie intake is very important:
1. 3000-3200kcal- for persons of sedetay/intelectual work
2. 3700-4500-for persons of manual labor
Energy costs are the more intensive the more intensive the physical activity of a person:
* In the usual sitting, the metabolism rises by 12%
* While standing - by 20%
* While walking - at least 100%
* When running - by 400%
The metabolism in men is 10% higher than in women.
People differ from each other both in the nature of their metabolism and in the individual characteristics of food processing in the gastrointestinal tract. That is why food should be individually justified and take into account the characteristics of each person.
Proper nutrition is an important component of the treatment and prevention of chronic diseases, contributing also to an increase in life expectancy and overall health.
|THE ABC OF HEALTHY FOOD|
Fresh apricots contain a lot of fiber and few calories, are an excellent source of beta-carotene-vitamin A-antioxidant, which is an excellent prophylactic way of dealing with oncological and cardiological diseases.
Pharmacological properties - improves the processes of blood circulation and cardiac muscles, enhances intestinal peristalsis, removes cholesterol from the body, improves the functioning of the metabolism and the immune system.
Application in medicine - diseases of the cardiovascular system, anemia, constipation, replenishes the loss of potassium.
Dried apricots - High concentrations of beta-carotene, potassium and iron. The potassium leads to a drop in blood pressure.
Cons - Dried apricots are not recommended for patients with diabetes because of their high caloric value.
Contains large amounts of protein and monounsaturated fatty acids, lots of potassium, vitamins E, C, B-6, riboflavin and manganese. Vitamins C and E-are natural antioxidants-which lower the level of cholesterol in the blood.
One fruit of avocado contains 400 calories.
Contains vitamin C, the digestive enzyme bromelin, which breaks down proteins and is shown to be useful in the breakdown of protein metabolism and the treatment of cardiovascular diseases, enhances the action of antibiotics, is prescribed as an anti-inflammatory drug in the treatment of osteoarthritis.
Contain a large amount of vitamin C - antioxidant, thiamine, folate, pectin, which lower the level of cholesterol in the blood.
They contain salts of folic acid and potassium, lower the level of cholesterol in the blood and improve the work of the liver.
Pharmacological properties - has a powerful bactericidal property, is effective in staphylococcus and streptococcus, an excellent biostimulator, enhances immunity, strengthens the body. It has an anti-inflammatory and wound-healing effect, removes radiation products from the body.
Aloe is successfully used in medicine when treating diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, anemia, inflammatory diseases of the oral cavity, dermatitis, skin diseases and many others.
Pharmacological properties - Has a powerful anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, diuretic, choleretic properties. Normalizes metabolism and intestinal peristalsis.
Application in medicine - Kidney disease and cardiovascular system, has an antisclerotic effect
Cons - Not recommended for swellings of any origin.
Pharmacological properties - has choleretic properties, strengthens the tonicity of the uterus, lowers blood pressure.
Application in medicine - Used for treating bleeding, atherosclerosis, angina pectoris, trophic ulcers, burns, bruises.
Cons - Causes sweating, pain in the muscles, a violation of cardiac activity. Take if you consulted with your doctor.
Perfectly satisfy hunger, rich in potassium, which plays an essential role in the functioning of muscles and nervous system.
They contain a lot of sugar and quickly get into the blood during digestion.
Useful qualities - a large amount of protein, B vitamins, zinc and iron
Disadvantages - high caloric content - 1 portion of lamb chops, 100 grams of meat - contains 277 calories. Adverse effects on the kidneys and liver, increases the washing away of minerals from the body, primarily potassium.
Beans, peas, lentils.
Useful properties - They are an excellent source of protein and fiber, minerals and B vitamins. Reducing the amount of sugar and cholesterol in the blood, contain little fat.
Cons - cause bloatedness and flatulence.
Application in medicine - expands the vessels of the heart and brain, atherosclerosis, menopause, improve metabolism, normalize sleep, heart rhythm, lower cholesterol level in the blood.
Cons - disruption of the heart and kidneys.
Application in medicine - Has a diuretic, anti-inflammatory, sedative, antiseptic effect
Useful properties - The high content of vitamin C, beta-carotene-vitamin A, phalate, iron and potassium (a total of 100grams of boiled broccoli contain 50% of the daily norm of these vitamins). The use in food reduces the onset of oncological diseases.
Useful properties - contain indoles and isothiocyanates, which help with the prevention of certain types of cancer, primarily breast cancer in women by activating enzymes which suppress the effect of the estrogens responsible for the formation of malignant diseases. The rutabaga is a very small 100 gr. batch contains only 11 calories. Thus, the product is irreplaceable for those who wish to lose weight.
Cons - Excessive consumption can wash out a large amount of iodine from the body and negatively affect the thyroid gland.
Useful properties - rich in folate and indoles, a large amount of dietary fiber, regular consumption reduces the risk of cancer of the colon and stomach.
Cons - intensifies flatulence.
Application in medicine - regulates the activity of the heart, useful for insomnia, migraines, neuroses, tachycardia, climacteric disorders, beriberi, constipation.
Application in medicine is an excellent general restorative, diuretic, choleretic and laxative. It is recommended for chronic gastritis, metabolic disorders, atherosclerosis, gout, hemorrhoids, anemia, cystitis and many others.
Contraindication-excess weight, diabetes, peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum.
Useful properties - moderate consumption of red dry wine reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease, especially among middle-aged and elderly returnees. Drinking wine while eating improves the absorption of iron.
Cons - in some cases, it promotes the formation of migraines. Excessive consumption of wine-can lead to cirrhosis of the liver.
Vitamin A- beta-carotene / retinol
Performs a large number of important functions in the body. It is necessary for the normal division and growth of cells, for the normal functioning of the mucous membranes of the digestive tract, the genitourinary and respiratory tract, to maintain visual acuity, and the normal course of pregnancy.
The daily requirement for vitamin A is 700 mkg per day - which is contained in 50 grams of carrots, as well as in mango, red pepper, spinach, apricots, greens, cabbage and others. Retinol-vitamin A is found in animal products - liver, dairy, eggs.
Beta carotene-vitamin A-is an important antioxidant and its consumption reduces the risk of oncological diseases.
Vitamin C - ascorbic acid
Contained in large quantities in all types of citrus, strawberry, kiwi, black currant, red pepper, vegetables and potatoes. It is necessary for the synthesis of collagen-a kind of protein, necessary for normal functioning of gums, cartilage, bones and skin. It is a natural antioxidant.
Vitamin B 1 (thiamine)
Contained in pork, kidney, heart, liver, legumes, nuts.
It is necessary to prevent the accumulation of toxic substances in the body, as well as the release of energy from fat and carbohydrates.
Vitamin B 2 (riboflavin)
Contained in dairy products, fish, meat and poultry.
It is necessary to release energy from food and the functioning of nicotinic acid and vitamin B-6 in the body.
Vitamin B-6 (pyridoxine)
Contained in low-fat varieties of meat, eggs, fish, nuts, bananas, yeast, in grain products.
It is necessary for normal immunization of the immune and nervous system, the formation of red blood cells, the release of energy from proteins
Vitamin - PP (Niacinic Acid)
Contained in poultry, meat, potatoes, nuts, beans.
It is necessary for the preservation of the skin and digestive tract, for obtaining energy at the cellular level and for the synthesis of neuroimiators.
Contained in the liver and other types of meat, nuts, dried fruits
It is necessary for the synthesis of cholesterol and fat, the formation of erythrocytes, the production of energy from food.
Contained in the liver, eggs, peanuts, yeast extract.
It is necessary for the synthesis of fat and cholesterol, the release of energy from food.
Contained in green vegetables, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, beans, sprouted wheat.
Participates in the synthesis of DNA, RNA and protein. It is necessary in the diet of pregnant women.
Vitamin B-12 (cyanocabalamine)
Contained in dairy products, eggs, fish, meat, poultry. It is necessary for the synthesis of DNA and RNA, as well as myelin - the white envelope surrounding the nerve fibers.
Contained in salmon, tuna, sardines, fish oil, eggs. It is necessary for the assimilation of calcium and phosphorus for the normal formation of teeth and bones.
Vitamin E (tocopherols)
Contained in vegetable oil, nuts, seeds, margarine, sprouted wheat. Prevents the oxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acids by free radicals in cell membranes.
Vitamin K (phylloquinone, menaquinone)
Contained in broccoli, brussels sprouts and white cabbage. It is necessary for protein synthesis and blood coagulation.
Contains a large amount of potassium and vitamin C. It removes toxins and fluids from the body, cleanses the kidneys, has a mild laxative effect, reduces the likelihood of gout.
Useful properties-includes a wide range of valuable nutrients including vitamin A, C, B-12, calcium iron, zinc, iodine, magnesium, chromium, silicon, etc.
Cons - regular use in large quantities can lead to colon cancer and cardiovascular diseases.
Contains vitamins C and B -1, as well as protein, folate, phosphorus and fiber.
Contains pectin, which helps reduce cholesterol in the blood and vitamin C.
Useful properties - contain potassium and various minerals
Cons - have the ability to absorb from the environment harmful elements that are dangerous to human health, for example, lead and cadmium.
Useful properties - Contain a lot of vitamin C, potassium and fiber. Dried pears contain a lot of iron and they are high-calorie.
Useful properties - A large amount of vitamin C, potassium and fiber.
Useful properties - A source of vitamin C and pectin.
Cons - can cause allergic reactions.
Useful properties - contains a lot of potassium and iron.
Disadvantages - contains a lot of sugar.
Useful properties - dried figs have a laxative effect and are rich in potassium
Disadvantages - contains a lot of sugar
Useful properties - Contains vitamins B-2 and B-12, calcium and phosphorus. It fixes the microflora of the intestines affected by antibiotics.
Useful properties - Possess low caloric content, in 100grams of the product contains no more than 10 kcal.
Useful properties - Contains beta-carotene, vitamin C, folate, iron and calcium.
Useful properties - Contains vitamin C, potassium, starch and fiber.
It is recomended consuming boiled and baked potatoes because fried contains a lot of calories due to the oil and fat in which it is cooked.
Disadvantages - Green and sprouted potatoes may contain alkaloids, poisonous substances that are hazardous to health.
Useful properties - contains vitamin E and B-6, complex carbohydrates, low fat content
Useful properties - Contains vitamin C and potassium. Kiwi fiber helps reduce cholesterol in the blood.
Useful properties - cranberry juice is used for kidney diseases, urethra, urinary bladder diseases.
Useful properties - rich in fiber.
Cons - high-calorie, contain a lot of saturated fat.
Useful properties - contain protein, a rich source of energy.
Disadvantages - high salt content, preservatives, dyes, fillers, flavors, high cholesterol and nitrate, fat content.
Useful properties - contains vitamin C, potassium and fiber. A natural antioxidant.
Useful properties - has an exciting, diuretic and laxative effect.
Cons - excessive coffee consumption increases the risk of cardiovascular disease, CAN CONTRIBUTE TO THE INCREASE OF CHOLESTEROL IN THE BLOOD.
Useful properties - contains vitamin C, is a preventive agent of colon cancer, helps to cure ulcers of the stomach.
Disadvantages - causes flatulence, excessive use can lead to iron deficiency in the body.
Useful properties - a source of vitamin C and potassium.
Corn and semolina
Useful properties - contains starch, potassium and iron.
Disadvantages - low fiber content
Useful properties - a source of vitamin C and soluble fiber.
Useful properties - source of vitamin C.
Can be used as a salt substitute.
Useful properties - Contains potassium and phosphate. Reduces the cholesterol in the blood, reduces the risk of cardiovascular and oncological diseases.
Disadvantages - causes unpleasant breath.
Useful properties - contains vitamin E.
Disadvantages - high calorie, a lot of cholesterol.
Useful properties - a source of bek and complex carbohydrates. Low-calorie. Wholemeal pasta is recommended.
Useful properties - A large number of beta-carotene and vitamin C.
Contains vitamin C. Perfect antipyretic.
Wild bird meat
Useful properties are an excellent source of protein, B vitamins, phosphorus, iron and potassium. It is low-calorie.
Useful properties - a rich source of vitamin C.
Useful properties - low calorie, natural diuretic.
Useful properties - a source of vitamin E, a natural antioxidant.
Cons - high salt content.
Useful properties - contain vitamins E, B, thiamine and nicotinic acid, protein and minerals
Disadvantages - high caloric value
Useful properties - Rich in vitamin C
Disadvantages - can cause irritation of the gastrointestinal tract
Useful properties - lower blood cholesterol levels, prevents constipation, reduce the risk of bowel cancer
Disadvantages - can reduce the absorption of calcium and iron.
Useful properties - A source of Vitamin C beta-carotene.
Useful properties - A source of vitamin C, has a laxative effect
Useful properties - contains fiber and carbohydrates.
Disadvantages - few useful substances, high fat content.
Useful properties - source of vitamins C and group B, contain easily digestible proteins, low-calorie.
Cool / carbonated drinks
Useful properties - Helps quickly replenish the loss of fluid and energy
Disadvantages - contain a lot of sugar, destroy tooth enamel.
Useful properties - a source of vitamin E, enhances the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E and K. Provides the body with essential fatty acids.
Disadvantages - high caloric value
Useful properties - source of potassium
Disadvantages - contains oxalic acid, which adversely affects the absorption of calcium and iron. Can contribute to exacerbation of the disease in patients with arthritis and gout, can form kidney stones.
Useful properties of a source of vitamin C. Low fat and calorie content
Useful properties - A source of vitamin C and fiber. Low-calorie food.
Useful properties - Stabilizes the sugar content in the blood, contains starch. Does not contain gluten.
Cons - Few contain beneficial minerals.
Pharmacological properties - has astringent, antiseptic and anti-inflammatory effect
Application in medicine, is prescribed as an anti-inflammatory and antispasmodic agent in the treatment of peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum, flatulence, is used in the treatment of gastritis and colitis. It is applied in the form of compresses, washes, enemas, and is used for hemorrhoids and bruises.
Pharmacological properties - They have diuretic and cholagogue properties against stones in the kidneys and urinary tract. They have excellent anti-inflammatory, hemostatic, capillary-strengthening, vitamin, astringent, laxative, diaphoretic, lowering blood pressure, increasing blood coagulation, actions. It is used as an anti-sclerotic agent, which helps lower fat and cholesterol in the blood.
Application in medicine - strengthens the body, normalizes metabolism, strengthens the immune system.
Pharmacological properties - increase immunity, stimulates appetite, increase acidity and digestive capacity of gastric juices. Applied for the prevention and treatment of hypo and avitaminosis R. The effectiveness of black chokeberry increases when used togehter with dogrose and black currant.
Applied in medicine, it is used for hypertension, diabetes, gastritis, kidney disease, rheumatism.
Cons - gastritis, pains of the stomach and duodenum.
Pharmacological properties - stimulates the work of the intestine, increases the release of hormones.
Application in medicine - it is used in hypertension, liver diseases, it is useful in anemia, atherosclerosis, cardiovascular diseases, excess weight. Salads from boiled beets are recommended for constipation.
Useful properties - source of B vitamins, zinc and protein
Disadvantages - (in smoked pork) high content of sodium and nitrites
Pharmacological properties - has an anti-inflammatory, enveloping, diuretic effect.
Application in medicine - for obesity and neurosis. In the form of a decoction it helps to improve digestion, gastritis, peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum.
Pharmacological properties - has a diuretic, diaphoretic, disinfectant properties, it is useful when taking antibiotics, as an auxiliary.
Application in medicine - gastritis with a lowered potency, peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum.
Useful properties - source of vitamin C, bioflavonoids and beta-carotenes
Pharmacological properties - stimulates appetite, improves the activity of the intestines, intensifies diuresis, facilitates the separation of sputum.
Application in medicine - intestinal colic, accumulation of gases, cholecystitis, flatulence.
Pharmacological properties - pumpkin seeds have antihelminthic, diuretic and laxative properties.
Application in medicine - flesh pumpkin improves intestinal peristalsis. Enhances enuresis and the allocation of salts from the body, is also effective for constipation.
Application in medicine - diabetes mellitus, rheumatism, arthritis, gout, kidney and bladder disease.
Application in medicine - inflammation of the lungs, bronchitis, diuretic, cystitis, mental and physical overwork.
Application in medicine, a source of vitamin C and carotene, is used for anemia, avitaminosis C and A.
Pharmacological properties - has anti-inflammatory, diuretic, calming and an appetizing action. It enhances cardiac activity, reduces sweating.
Use in medicine, diseases of the stomach and intestines, liver, gallbladder and kidneys. Improves digestion, reduces the sugar content in the urine.
Pharmacological properties - has a disinfectant, diuretic, expectorant, soothing effect.
Application in medicine - used for a dry cough, bronchitis, pneumonia, flatulence, diarrhea, insomnia.
In the form of baths it is useful for nervous overtraining, radiculitis, rheumatism, joint diseases.
Application in medicine - consumed as a drink in atherosclerosis, hypertension, angina, headache, gastritis, hemorrhoids, digestive disorders, poisonings, gout, cancer, angina pectoris, cholecystitis, chronic constipation.
Pharmacological properties - contains caffeine, excites the cerebral cortex, calms breathing and heart activity, dilates the vessels of the brain, heart and kidneys. It also has a diuretic property.
Application in medicine - used in hypertension and atherosclerosis, alcohol and narcotic poisoning. Neutralizes strontium-90 - an isotope that gets into the human body causing cancer. It destroys the bacteria in the mouth, which lead to dental diseases.
Pharmacological properties - have a restorative, nourishing, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and astringent effects.
Application in medicine - Disorders of the stomach and intestines.
Pharmacological properties - lower the sugar content in the blood, has an anti-inflammatory, diuretic and choleretic effect.
Application in medicine - reduce the amount of sugar in the blood, increase the acidity of the gastric juice, improve digestion and metabolism, enhance visual acuity and improve the blood supply of the retina.
Pharmacological properties - has a strong bactericidal effect. It is used to suppress the processes of putrefaction and fermentation in the intestine. It affects the elasticity of the walls of blood vessels, regulates blood pressure.
Application in medicine - clears the body of lime and fat deposits, improves the immune system and metabolism, is useful in sclerosis and hypertension.
Useful properties - A source of vitamin B-6, potassium, iron and fiber. Has a laxative effect.
Disadvantages - high calorie, can cause flatulence.
Pharmacological properties - causes a delay in the growth of malignant tumors. Reduces blood pressure, has choleretic effect
Application in medicine - hypertension, angina pectoris, diseases of the liver and bile ducts.
Pharmacological properties - has a disinfectant, anti-inflammatory, blood-provoking effect.
Application in medicine - Used when dealing with hypertension, atherosclerosis, menopause in women. Applied with inflammatory processes in the oral cavity, pharynx and respiratory tract. Enhances the activity of endocrine glands.
Pharmacological properties - medicine from sorrel have painkiller, hemostatic, wound-healing effects.
In a diet, leaves and young stems of sorrel are used. They can be used to prepare seasonings, snacks, salads, soups.
Cons - because of the high content of oxalic acid, it is not recommended to use sorrel in large quantities for soreness of kidneys, liver, peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum, metabolic disorders, gastritis and colitis.
Pharmacological properties - Eucalyptus oil is a very strong antiseptic.
Application in medicine - Has a bactericidal effect against E. coli and streptocca. With simultaneous use with antibiotics, the therapeutic result is achieved in a shorter period. Effective for the treatment of pneumonia and bronchitis / oil prescribed 10-20 drops per glass of water for inhalation /
Pharmacological properties - stimulates the central nervous system, increases motor activity, increases mental and physical performance, metabolism, strengthens the immune system, lowers blood sugar.
Application in medicine - with hypertension, atherosclerosis, overfatigue, exhaustion of the nervous system.
Pharmacological properties - used when dealing with gout and urolithiasis, gastritis, gastric ulcer, anemia. Absorbs toxic substances and removes them from the body, delay the formation of uric acid in the body. Prevent the accumulation of slags in the body. Apple vinegar prevents the accumulation of acidic metabolic products in the blood and prevents the calcification of blood vessels.
It is recommended to eat 2-3 apples a day.
Useful properties - an excellent source of protein, vitamin B-12 and minerals
Cons - High in cholesterol